UPDATED: October 22, 2022

If you're looking to improve your credit score, a 609 credit repair letter may be just what you need. This type of letter is tailored specifically to address the errors on your credit report that are dragging down your score.

In this article, we'll discuss the 609 credit repair letter and how to write one to remove errors from your credit records.

We did the research and checked some official sources of lenders and authoritative finance sites. We also looked into stories and real experiences of people who sent letters to lenders and were successful in some ways.

Don't miss out on important reminders when writing a letter and become unsuccessful with the request! Keep reading to learn about our top tip to increase your chances of getting approved for your request to remove negative information from your credit records.

Section 609 of the FCRA

The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) is a federal law that governs how credit reporting agencies (CRAs) collect and report information about consumers. 

CRAs are companies that collect and maintain consumer information, which is then sold to creditors, employers, insurers, and other businesses.

Section 609 of the FCRA outlines your right to know what's in your credit report. 

Although this section doesn't explicitly discuss your right to dispute inaccuracies, it does give you the right to obtain a free copy of your credit report from each of the major CRAs (Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion) once every 12 months.

Under Section 609, you have the right to request the following:

  • The information in your credit file
  • Individuals who accessed your credit file within the past two years
  • Companies that inquired about your credit file within the past year

If you find any errors on your credit reports, you have the right to dispute them with the CRA. You can do this by sending a dispute letter directly to the CRA. 

Be sure to include any supporting documentation that you have to back up your claim.

Here are some of the possible errors that can appear on your credit report:

  • Incorrect personal information (e.g., wrong name, address, or Social Security number)
  • Incorrect account information (e.g., wrong credit limit, balance, payment history)
  • Inaccurate derogatory information (e.g., false late payments or collections accounts)
  • Duplicate accounts

Remember, an error on your credit report can have serious consequences. 

For instance, if you're applying for a loan or credit card and an incorrect late payment is reported, you may be denied the financing. Or, if you're trying to rent an apartment and an inaccurate collections account appears on your credit report, the landlord may turn you away.

Incorrect information on your credit report can also lead to higher interest rates and insurance premiums.

If you believe your rights have been violated under Section 609 of the FCRA, you may file a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). The FTC will investigate your complaint and take appropriate action if necessary. 

You may also wish to consult with an experienced consumer rights attorney to discuss your legal options.

Sample 609 letter: Everything you need to know

A 609 credit repair letter is a type of dispute letter that you can use to remove errors from your credit report. This type of letter gets its name from Section 609 of the FCRA.

When writing a 609 letter, keep in mind that there's nothing proprietary about the format. In other words, you don't need to use a specific template or follow a certain format. After all, a 609 letter is a legal document, and there's no evidence suggesting that using a specific format will increase your chances of success.

However, there are a few key things you should know when writing your letter:

Review your credit report

First and foremost, you must get your free credit report from each of the three national credit reporting agencies before you can start writing your dispute letter. These reports can be requested online via AnnualCreditReport.com or by phone at 1-877-322-8228.

This is because you'll need to include specific information from your report in your letters, such as the account number, the date of the error, and a description of the error.

If you're disputing multiple errors, you may want to include a separate 609 letter for each one. This will make it easier for the CRA to process your dispute and correct any errors on your credit report.

Outline information that will be relevant to the investigation

Next, you'll need to include all the relevant information about the negative item on your credit report to give the credit reporting agency enough information to investigate the error. This includes:

  • Your personal information: full name, address, phone number, date of birth, Social Security number
  • A copy of your government-issued ID: driver's license, passport, etc.
  • Your account number with the credit reporting agency: you can usually find this on your credit report
  • The full name of the credit reporting agency that you're writing to: TransUnion, Experian, or Equifax
  • The specific negative item that you're disputing: collection account, late payment, charge-off, etc.
  • The reason for your dispute: inaccurately reported balance, wrong account status, etc.
  • Any supporting documentation that you have to substantiate your claim: this could be anything from a letter from the original creditor stating that the debt has been paid to documentation showing that the negative item is inaccurate

Take note of the following common errors

In addition, you may use any of these reasons when writing your dispute letter:

  • The information is outdated and no longer reflects your credit history
  • The information is incorrect or incomplete
  • The debt has been paid off or is no longer owed
  • The credit bureau has listed a collection account that doesn't belong to you
  • The credit bureau has listed an unpaid bill that you've already paid

When writing a 609 letter, keep in mind to make your letter short and sweet. The credit bureau is likely to ignore a long, rambling letter. Get to the point and make your request.

Additionally, be polite and professional. Remember, you're asking for a favor here. Threatening or being rude will only hurt your chances of getting the negative item removed.

Sample 609 letter

Below is a sample 609 letter that you can use as a template when writing your dispute letter:

Your Name

Your Address

Your City, State, Zip Code

Your Phone Number


Credit Bureau Name

Credit Bureau Address

City, State, Zip Code

RE: Credit Report Dispute Letter

Dear Sir or Madam:

I am writing to dispute the following information in my credit report:

Account number: XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX

Creditor name: ABC Company

Report date: XX/XX/XXXX

I am disputing the accuracy of the above information and requesting that it be removed from my credit report.

Enclosed you will find a copy of my credit report with the disputed information highlighted.

Also enclosed is a copy of documentation supporting my claim that the above information is inaccurate.

Thank you for your time and attention to this matter.


Your name


Credit reports with disputed information highlighted

Documentation supporting the claim of inaccuracy

Where to send your 609 letter

You may send your 609 letter to the appropriate credit bureau:

Equifax Information Services LLC

📮 P.O. Box 740256

Atlanta, GA 30374


📮 P.O. Box 4500

Allen, TX 75013

TransUnion LLC Consumer Dispute Center

📮 P.O. Box 2000

Chester, PA 19016

In addition, you may want to consider sending your dispute letter by certified mail with the return receipt requested. This will give you proof that the creditor or the credit bureau received your letter and when they received it.

Be sure to keep a copy of your letter as well as any supporting documentation for your records.

What a 609 letter can and cannot do

A 609 letter can help you get negative items removed from your credit report, which in turn can help improve your credit score. Additionally, a 609 letter can also help you get errors and outdated information removed from your report.

However, a 609 letter cannot remove accurate negative information from your report, including your existing debt. In addition, it cannot remove negative information that's less than seven years old or bankruptcies that are less than 10 years old.

If you're not sure whether writing a 609 letter is right for you or if you need help writing one, consider contacting a credit repair company or credit counseling service. These organizations can help you understand your rights under the Fair Credit Reporting Act and dispute inaccurate or outdated information on your credit report.

Effectiveness of 609 dispute letter

There's no guarantee that a 609 dispute letter will be more or less effective than any other process of disputing credit report information. 

However, writing a 609 dispute letter may give you a better chance of getting the negative item removed from your report because it forces the credit bureau to investigate your claim. It may not help you with your dispute right away, but it can help you get the process started.

Additionally, if you have documentation to support your claim that the negative information is inaccurate, including a 609 dispute letter can help strengthen your case. It may take some time before you see results, but it's worth a try if you have negative information on your credit report that you believe to be inaccurate or outdated.

Remember, writing a 609 letter is a way to assert your rights as a consumer and take action against inaccurate or outdated information on your credit report. It's not a cure-all, but it can help you improve your credit score and get on the path to better credit.

The credit bureaus' responsibility

The credit bureaus are required by law to investigate your dispute. They must provide you with the results of their investigation within 30 days unless they need more time to do so.

If the credit bureau finds that the disputed information is inaccurate, they must notify all three nationwide credit reporting agencies so that they can correct the information on your credit reports. This can help improve your credit score.

Additionally, if the credit bureau doesn't respond to your dispute letter within 30 days, the items you disputed must be removed from your report.

On the other hand, if the creditor doesn't agree that the disputed information is inaccurate, then it'll remain on your report. In this case, you may want to consider adding a short statement to your report explaining why you dispute the information. This is called a “consumer statement.”


A 609 credit repair letter is a way to dispute negative information on your credit report. You should send this letter to the credit bureau that reported the inaccurate information and be sure to keep copies of all correspondences for your records.

Disputing inaccurate or incomplete information on your credit report can help boost your credit score and improve your overall financial standing. However, it's important to remember that a 609 letter is not a guarantee that the information will be removed from your report. It may take some time and effort, but it could be worth it in the long run.