by Aidan Kang, CFA
Senior Writer
UPDATED: December 22, 2021

Health insurance is important for yourself and members of your family. It protects you from sky-high health care expenses and ensures that you will be given medical treatment if an emergency arises.

However, the process of choosing a health care plan can be complex and puzzling, especially for first-time enrollees. That's why it is crucial to know a few things about health insurance plans to make the process simpler. 

This article will explain what you need to know so that you can pick a plan that best suits your needs. 

How to Get Health Insurance?

There are several ways to get hold of a health care plan, depending on your financial condition, job status, and age. It includes the following:

  • Government. If you have little or no income, are at least 65 years old, or are disabled, you might qualify for government-backed health insurance like Medicaid and Medicare. Children are qualified for the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) in some states. Moreover, depending on your circumstances and the coverage, you may either need to pay monthly premiums for your health insurance or don’t. 
  • Employer. Businesses and companies in the United States are required to dispense affordable health insurance as an employee benefit. Otherwise, they may face a penalty. In some cases, employees may need to pay some portion of the health insurance or monthly premium. 
  • Purchased. If you are self-employed or work for a small business organization that doesn't offer a health care plan, then you will need to purchase it on your own. Generally, you can buy it through an insurance company or the health insurance exchange in your country. 

If you decide to purchase a health care plan online, make sure to choose a site that doesn't sell too-good-to-be-true plans. Choose one that uses advanced marketing efforts and trustworthy sources like

How Do I Decide What Health Insurance Options Are Best for Me?

Always assess and examine your situation from the prior years and current year. Think of things, such as what changes do you expect in your situation for the year ahead? What benefits did you use? Are you having a child or getting married? With these things in mind, look at your benefit options. 

Also, take advantage of any analysis tools your employer offers to determine which health insurance makes the most sense for you. What's more, see to it that you consider any incentives your employer might offer, such as wellness credits or contributions to an HSA or FSA. 

Choose a plan that a doctor is offering or a hospital you'd want to be covered under the insurance. Additionally, keep in mind that the number of people insured on a health care policy impacts the cost. With that said, know if you're seeking coverage for additional members of your family or just for yourself.

On top of that, consider your average health care utilization in a year. Do you have a medical condition that needs access to specialists? Do you take prescriptions? Do you only go for routine check-ups? Ask yourself these questions to find the right plan. 

What Are The Best Options?

No health care plan fits all people. The best option for you will vary depending on your personal situation. For some people, a traditional HMO or PPO may make more sense. For others, a high-deductible plan with affordable monthly premiums might be the best option. 

The best health insurance largely depends on a person's health needs, tolerance for risk, and financial situation. Say, for instance, you've saved enough money for a medical emergency, then perhaps a higher deductible with a lower monthly payment is right for you. 

On the other hand, if you suffer from a chronic disease, then a lower deductible with a higher premium may be good for you. 

Also, note that the health insurance that you used last year may not be suitable for the coming year, depending on how your circumstances have changed. People often mistake treating open enrollment as a tedious undertaking and just choose what plan they picked last year. Learn your options and understand your benefits to boost the value they can bring to your life. 

Remember that open enrollment is more than just providing medical care to individuals. It is a chance to review benefits like long-term disability and life insurance that might help address your needs.

Moreover, to make the process less confusing, it would be best to learn the terms and vocabulary involved, such as PPO, coinsurance, co-pay, deductible, premium, HMO, in-network, and more. 


Choosing the best health care plan for your needs can be a tricky and confusing process. And depending on your personal needs, you will need to consider the costs, monthly premiums, and other factors to figure out what plan will fit your budget and needs. Choose a plan that takes your whole body into account, particularly everything that contributes to your health.